Hotel Las Colinas Family History
Hotel Las Colinas Family History:
The owners of Hotel Las Colinas, are the family López Fernandez.su story in Fortune beginning in 1968, when Mr. Aurelio López Calderón parent fled from La Fortuna by strong eruption of the volcano.
Takes more than 17 years to return and it was up to the year 1985, when pursued by misfortune again came to La Fortuna, this time was a terrible fire left the family in ruins, burning his storehouse of trade located in Ciudad Quesada, ironically called ¨Tienda La Fortuna¨.
Here in la Fortuna, the family returned to start, was a family of 5: father, Aurelio López Calderón, mother, Flor Fernández Cubillo, children, Ivette, Jocsan and Jetter only 3 months old. As good traders, began to open a store that sold almost everything from spare parts bike, fabrics, and glassware and school supplies. Dona Flor, who attended most of the time was because the father with the desire to raise the business focused on selling clothes in the villages around San Carlos and Guatuso.
However, as good visionary, 1988 home construction for a hotel, then the hotel offer was minimal, there was only the Hotel La Central, San Bosco cabins and Hotel La Fortuna. The name of Las Colinas originates from the view from the third floor of the hotel, where the hills of Cerro Chato and Arenal are attached.
Neighbors said it was crazy to think in a construction of three levels for a hotel in la Fortuna, because there was no need, however I remember Don Aurelio said, someday ¨los machos vendran¨ and was thus… Hotel Las Colinas today has the authority to say that it has received guests from almost everywhere in the world!
And so it was, there were tourism and were night’s tourists sleeping in the corridor of the Catholic Church, had nights that the family rented the rooms of the House and there were nights carrying tourists to see lava, literally were rivers of red lava rundown from a mountain called Arenal Volcano.
Jicson, the youngest son was born on the slopes of the volcano, in 1993, and both the family and the company were growing.
It was in the year 2006, the parent had already passed to rest, when the rest of the family decided to start over, this time for a complete remodel of Hotel Las Colinas with a vision of sustainable Hotel up to what it is today! Currently, Doña Flor and Ivette carry the hotel administration, Jetter is the chef of the hotel and Jocsan and Jicson help with maintenance, and family continues to grow.
It gives us great pleasure know that today you are also part of our family, we thank you that chose us!
History Review of La Fortuna of San Carlos
History Review of La Fortuna of San Carlos
Review of the Maleku Indigenous Community
Pre-Columbian Stage – 10000 to 2000 B.C
The CHIBCHA Empire stretched across what is now Central America, Panama and Colombia. Warrior tribes who used throughout this region up to the dominions of the great Inca Empire. The MALEKUS, whose meaning is our people, are direct descendants of the great indigenous breed that I locate their territories from the great Lake of Nicaragua, islands of Solantiname, San Juan River (border between Nicaragua and Costa Rica), the entire area of the border of Peñas Blancas, Los Chiles, Santa Rosa de Poco Sol, Guatuso, La Fortuna de San Carlos, La Fortuna de Bagaces and Tilarán.
With this large territory within which covers much of the mountain range, Orosi Volcano, Rincon de la Vieja, Miravalles, Tenorio and Cerro Arenal (Arenal Volcano today). With the alignment of all these volcanoes, the Malekus traced to what would be the route of trade and communication between the 23 communities or palenques of that era.
We must bear in mind the great significance that represents for these tribes the volcanoes, since the power and Majesty of these represent sacred sites and the divine power by their heights and the magnetic power. This is how they traced the route that bypass the foothills of volcanoes. This route took them to central markets in Pataste, communication center in what today is Aguas Zarcas and Pital, where 23 different communities Malekus converged.
The Malekus kept a little agriculture since their basic food-based mega fauna, mastodons, deer, hunting, tapirs etc. The planting of wild potato, cassava, cocoa, pejibaye constituted its agriculture.
The shaman represented his Government and there was no social class. They practiced a monotheistic religion, TOKOISMO, developed at the height of the volcanoes.
Stage Post-Columbian – 1500 to 2000
Spanish presence during the time of the colony affected in very little to the indigenous people of the time, except that some aborigines were taken to cities where the Spaniards as Granada y León of Nicaragua, settled as a slave. The time of the exploitation of rubber in Nicaragua by the Goodrich Company at the beginning of 1820, caused an uneven battle between the “huleros” employees of the U.S. Company with firearms and the Indians with arrows on the place later called the river of death, because its waters were transformed into red with the blood of the aborigines. That was one of the causes of today be a decimated breed.
Modern Stage of the Maleku – Race that Refuses to Die
The 23 communities covering the vast territory Maleku was reduced until today to 3 Palenques, located in the Canton of Guatuso with a population of 650 individuals. These palenques are:
- Palenque Margarita.
- Palenque Tonjibe.
- Palenque the Sun.
Despite being already immersed in the world of the whites, the true Maleku makes efforts to preserve their customs, they have a school where their children speak the dialect of his race, a radio with special programs for its people, are struggling to recreate their ancient dances and customs etc. Within their ceremonies, the Government of Costa Rica allows them to bury their loved ones within their homes.
As tourism one of the major sources of income in the country, the Maleku community is has been integrating gradually this activity. In the Palenque Tonjive tourists can visit them, do a tour through the Woods where you can see how the inhabitants of the region lived before the colony.
This information was provided by the Lord KOREN VELA VELA. Member of the Palenque Tonjibe, fighter for the rescue of indigenous traditions, and cultural spokesman.
La Fortuna before 1968
In the early 1900s, a citizen of Nicaraguan origin of surname Jarquin enters Open Mountain in what is now La Fortuna. Gradually other Costa Ricans from Naranjo, Zarcero and Ciudad Quesada moved to cut down mountains and to exploit the rubber industry, which manufactured tossed and layers for the farmers in the northern region. This gave home to the breeding of dual-purpose (meat and milk). With the milk, produced cheese, salted and dried then take it to the market in Ciudad Quesada. With cattle for slaughter were great tours to take you chased to the plaza of cattle in Alajuela, for sale.
The inhabitants of La Fortuna, for consumer or health care needed to have three days to conduct them, a day of travel, another for making planned efforts and another to return. All of them assuming the risk of their lives, because they had to cross streams and rivers, especially the San Carlos, who often maintained a high level of flow and always had to plunge into waters grabbed hold of the saddles of their horses.
When there was access to La Fortuna by bus, toward the tour of Ciudad Quesada, (a route approximately 50 kilometers) with a duration of 5 hours, provided that there were no cave-ins or lots of rain.
- The Arenal Volcano, then known as the Cerro del Arenal, causes a Catastrophe
He hitherto known Cerro del Arenal, a month before the 27 of July 1968, began to show signs of prevention the population, causing roaring and earthworks, which neighbors failed to interpret and that hardly could report to the Costa Rican authorities for large distances, in this case Civil Defense, only public institution existing in those years Since that he is it did not with a national emergency Commission or experts in volcanology of the Seismological Observatory and logical Vulcan of Costa Rica. (OVSICORI).
That July 29, 1968, during the hours of the morning, a huge explosion disappears from the topography to two towns located in the base of the Arenal, they were the towns of Tronadora and Arenal where 78 people lost their lives.
The fortuneños life changed from that moment, all residents were evacuated from their homes and transfers to other populations. The fortune for several months was a ghost town. After several months gradually returned residents, but many more did not.
Life returned to normal, residents returned to agriculture, animal husbandry, manufacture its cheeses, the national banking system to grant credits especially to the livestock sector, based on the number of hectares of mountain pulled to the ground.
Until the late 80s and early 90s, La Fortuna was it a village with a church and it was traditional, a square for football, where every afternoon youth gathered to see the famous “mejengas” (informal where football little are the rules of this sport). Two hotels of simple construction with wood in which dealers and farmers in surrounding villages had where rest and sleep. In addition the village had two grocery stores, place in which residents could stock up on basics, food, as well as some medicines, and even liquor, for they were also canteens. The community had a health clinic with public service, accommodating up to about 1500 beneficiaries. The financial sector was the National Bank, and an agency of COCIQUE (cooperative of Ciudad Quesada) barely filling the needs of the savers. In a few words, before tourism, La Fortuna was a town stuck in the passage of time.
SUMMARY OF MAJOR LAWS OF COSTA RICA
SUMMARY OF MAJOR LAWS OF COSTA RICA
Law of environment: No. 7554
Art 1 Objectives: The present law shall endeavor to provide, Costa Ricans and the status of the instruments necessary to achieve a healthy and ecologically balanced environment.
Art 2 Principles: Everyone is entitled to enjoy a healthy and sustainable environment. The State shall ensure the rational use of environmental elements.
Art 8 Functions: Through activities, programmes and projects, to promote greater citizen participation in the analysis and discussion of environmental policies that affect the region. Develop and implement activities, programs and education projects.
Art 17 Environmental Impact Assessment: Human activities that alter or destroy elements of the environment or generate waste, toxic or hazardous materials, will require an assessment of environmental impact by the national environmental technical secretariat.
Art 32 Classification of Protected Areas: You can establish protected areas, in any of the categories of management to be established and which are designated below: protective areas, national parks, biological reserves, forest reserves, national refuges, wildlife, wetlands, and natural monuments.
Art 39 Definition of marine and coastal resources: It refers to marine and coastal resources, the waters of the sea, the beaches, the flats and the strip of coast, bays, coastal lagoons, mangroves, coral reefs, and seagrass.
Art 40 Definition of Wetlands: Wetlands are ecosystems with dependence regimes water, natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, lentic or lotic, sweet, salty or brackish water.
Art 45 Prohibition: The activities are forbidden to interrupt the natural cycles of the ecosystems of moisture, such as the construction of dams that prevent the flow of marine or inland waters.
Art 59 Pollution of the environment: Means any alteration or modification of the environment that may affect human health, threaten natural resources or affect the environment pollution.
Art 62 Air Pollution: Air pollution is considered the presence therein and in concentrations higher than the permissible levels of solid particles, dust, smoke, steam, gases, odors, radiation, noise, and imperceptible sound waves and other.
Law 7600: Law equal opportunities for persons with disabilities.
Art 2 Definitions: Equal opportunities: principle that recognizes the importance of the different needs of the individual, which should constitute the basis for the planning of Equalization of opportunities society: process of setting the environment, services, activities, information and documentation as well as attitudes to the needs of people, in particular of the disabled. Disability: Any physical, mental or sensorial deficiencies which limit substantially, the main activities of an individual.
Art 10 Community: Persons with disabilities have the same opportunity to get involved in the definition and implementation of activities, carried out in the communities.
Art 11 Family: All members of the family should help persons with disabilities to develop a dignified life and fully exercise their rights and duties.
Art 23 Right to Work: The State shall guarantee to persons with disabilities, both in rural and urban areas, the right to a job suited to their conditions and personal needs.
Art 31 Access: Health services must be offered, on equal terms, require any person.
Art 35 Adapted transport: Public institutions that offer rehabilitation services must have means of transport adapted to the needs of persons with disabilities.
Art 41 Regulatory specifications: New construction, additions or modifications to buildings, parks, sidewalks, gardens, squares, roads, health services or other areas of public property, shall be subject to regulatory specifications of public and private bodies responsible for the matter.
Art 55 Discriminatory Acts: Shall be deemed discriminatory act which, by reason of the disability, refuses a person to participate in cultural, sports and recreational activities that promote or carry out public or private institutions.
7317: Law of Wildlife Conservation
ART 1: The wildlife consists of continental and insular fauna living in natural, temporary or permanent, on the national territory and flora living in natural conditions in the country.
ART 2: Means: Aquarium: artificial water where there are animals and living aquatic plant. Hunting & fishing: action, for any purpose, harass, capture or kill wildlife. Hunting: Art hunt alluding to any creature or creatures hunted for food or sport. Trade: Activity of buy, sell, or barter for profit exercise. Reservoir: Accumulation of water that occurs as a result of that retention of them makes the man. Exotic species: organism introduced in a given country and is not own him. Wildlife: set of continental and insular fauna living in natural, temporary or permanent. Zoo-Nursery: Place in which it is spread or preserve animals out of their natural habitat.
ART 4: Production, management, extraction, commercialization, industrialization and use of the genetic material of wild flora and fauna, its parts, products and by-products, are declared of public interest and national heritage.
ART 14: Prohibited hunting, fishing and the extraction of continental or insular species in danger of extinction, with the exception of reproduction carried out, flora and fauna “sustainably”.
28 ART: The exercise of hunting, this is classified in: sports: where he is carried out for the purpose of entertainment, recreation or leisure. Scientific: when is carried out for the purpose of scientific study. Subsistence: when to fill food needs of low-income people.
61 ART: Aiming to regulate the exercise of insular and continental fishing, this is classified as well: sports: when practice for the purpose of entertainment, recreation or leisure. Scientific or cultural: where he is carried out for the purpose of study or teaching. Subsistence: when to fill food needs of low-income people economic, proven by standards issued by this law and its regulations.
64 ART: The canon that must pay for sports, continental or insular fishing license is as follows: nationals and residents: Thousand Colones (¢ 1,000.00). Foreigners without residence card: the equivalent of thirty Dollars (US $30).
Universal Human Rights Declaration
Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common ideal for which all peoples and Nations must strive, to both individuals and institutions, constantly drawing inspiration from it, by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms, and to ensure, by progressive measures of national and international character, its recognition and enforcement universal and effective.
Art 1: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights, and gifted as they are of reason and conscience, must behave fraternally with the other. Everyone is entitled to equal protection against any discrimination that infringes this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
Art 25: Everyone has the right to an adequate standard of living that ensures you and your family, health and welfare.
Art 26: Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least with regard to the fundamental and elementary instruction.
27 Art: Every person has the right to take part freely in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to participate in scientific progress and the benefits resulting from it.
Art 29: Everyone has duties to the community, since only it can develop freely and fully his personality.
Political Constitution of Costa Rica
Art 1: Costa Rica is a democratic, free and independent Republic.
16 art: The quality of Costa Rica is not lost and is indispensable.
Art 18: Costa Ricans must observe the Constitution and laws, serve the country, defend it and contribute to public expenditure.
Art 21: Human life is inviolable.
Art 27: Guarantees freedom of petition, in individual or collective form before any public servant or official entity, and the right to obtain prompt resolution.
Art 56: Work is a right of the individual and an obligation to society. The State must to provide everyone with honest and useful occupation, duly remunerated, and prevent that conditions which in any way undermine the freedom or dignity of man or degrade his labour to the status of mere commodity are established because of her. The State guarantees the right to free choice of work.
Art 89: The cultural aims of the Republic include: protect the natural beauties, preserve and develop the historical and artistic patrimony of the nation, and support private initiative for scientific and artistic progress.
Art 93: Suffrage is primordial and obligatory civic function and is exercised to the electoral commissions in direct and secret ballot by citizens registered in the Civil Register.
Nº 7788: Biodiversity Law
Art 1 Object: The object of this law is conserving biodiversity and the sustainable use of resources, as well as distributing shaped fair benefits and related costs.
Art 2 Sovereignty: The State shall exercise complete and exclusive sovereignty over the biodiversity elements.
Art 3 Scope of Enlargement: This law applies on the elements of biodiversity that are under the sovereignty of the State, as well as the processes and activities carried out under its jurisdiction or control.
Art 7 Definitions: Biodiversity: variability of living organisms from any source, whether they are terrestrial, aerial, marine and aquatic ecosystems or other ecological complex. It includes diversity within each species, as well as between species and the ecosystems of which it is part. Species: A set of organisms able to reproduce among themselves.
Art 10 Objectives: To integrate the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity elements in the development of socio-cultural, economic and environmental policies.
Art 58 Protected Areas: Protected areas are geographic areas delimited, consisting of land, wetlands, and lots of sea. They have been declared as such by represent special meaning for their ecosystems, threatened species, the impact on reproduction and other needs and its historical and cultural significance.
Law against Sexual Harassment: N ° 7476
This law is based on the constitutional principles of respect for freedom and human life, the right to work and the principle of equality before the law, which requires the State to condemn discrimination on the basis of sex and to establish policies to eliminate discrimination against women, according to the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of all forms of discrimination against women and the Inter-American Convention to prevent, sanction and eradicate violence against women.
Article 3: Refers to harassment or sexual harassment all unwanted sexual conduct by who receives it, repeated and may cause harmful effects.
Forestry Law: No°7575
Article 1: This law establishes, as a function essential and a priority of the State, to ensure the conservation, protection and management of natural forests and the production, exploitation, industrialization and the promotion of the country’s forest resources earmarked for that purpose, in accordance with the principle of appropriate and sustainable use of renewable natural resources. In addition, it shall ensure the generation of employment and the increase in the standard of living of the rural population, through their effective incorporation to forestry activities.
Article 3 Forest Management Plan: Set of technical rules that will regulate the actions executed in a forest or plantation forest, in an area or part of it in order to seize, preserve and develop the arboreal vegetation that exists or is intended to establish, in accordance with the principle of the rational use of renewable natural resources that guarantee the sustainability of the resource.
Article 27 Authorization to Cut Down: Only may cut up to a maximum of three trees per hectare annually in land from agricultural use and without forest, after obtaining authorization from the Regional Environmental Council. If the short exceed ten trees per property, require the authorization of the State forestry administration.